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Human Trafficking & Slavery
We are working towards various programs for our future sponsors to visit their sponsored child. These visits must be pre-arranged by UDiON. Bangladesh is one of the most poor and over-populated countries in the world with a density of 795 people per square kilometer. It has a total area of 1,44,498 square kilometer and population of approximately 14 core. An estimated 47% of the population is under the age of 16 years, while 17% is below the age of 5. The population growth rate is 2.16% with a literacy rate of only 24.8%.
Bangladesh is predominantly a rural country, with 84.8% of the population living in rural areas. The country primarily thrives on agriculture but more than half of the Bangladesh is predominantly a rural country, with 84.8% of the population living in rural areas. The country primarily thrives on agriculture but more than half of the rural populations are landless. Most of the people are poor and uneducated due to scarcity of land, food, and political unrest. In a drastic situation like this, it is easy for most people to not focus on children. The economic hardship is caused due to a large population growth. This has created various social issues along with the continuous growth of child labor.
Child labor in Bangladesh has increased at an alarming rate in recent years. Traditionally, many children have worked in village agriculture but the numbers employed in urban industrial and commercial sectors rose sharply. Working children are a neglected group in Bangladeshi society. They are seen as part of the floating population and are not included in the national census. Laws in Bangladesh do not restrict the employment of children except where the nature of work is very strenuous.
Child workers in urban Bangladesh
In Bangladesh, urban working children either live on the street or in overcrowded slum and squatter settlements. There are about 700,000 children under the age of 15 working in urban areas, which is 17% of the total urban labor force. They are involved in jobs in industries, transport, commerce, domestic service, metal and leather factories, construction and garment factories. Furthermore, 65% of the total labor force in Bangladesh of about 50.1 million works in agriculture. Most children work for their families – the boys are expected to give a hand in agriculture, while the girls are expected to help out at home. Families without land, work for rural landowners with their children working alongside them in the fields. Most families in rural areas are better off financially. Children also work in small shops, tea stalls, handloom, and fishing dock. Most working children do not have the opportunity to attend school. Even though there is a high unemployment rate in Bangladesh, it is hard to understand why or how child labor still exists. Studies over the years have given the following reasons:
- Poverty and Family
In Bangladesh, the average family size consists of 6 members. In families where children work, the father often works as either a rickshaw puller or a day-laborer, while the mother is involved with domestic help. Poverty leads to quarrels, which ultimately results in cruel treatment of children. The mother, being over-burdened with work, tends to loose interest in her children resulting in neglecting them. Moreover, 56% of people in Bangladesh are landless. They either work on the land of others on a contract basis or become floating labor. Without a stable source of income, children become burden to parents as well as find work for their own survival.
- Victims of Migration
Generally, neglected children migrate to big cities with their families or alone. Majority of the time, they must beg or drift on the streets in order to earn a living. They will consider any work that helps them survive.
- Illiteracy and Ignorance
Many parents of working children are illiterate and unskilled with little or no prospect of being able to improve their situation. Not only is the current educational system not effective, but there is also a lack of faith in the existing system as it does not necessarily lead to employment upon graduation. Many poor parents feel that it is better for their children to learn by working rather than attending school.
- Child Labor Law and Rights
In practice, child labor laws in Bangladesh do not protect working children. Employers prefer children as they are cheap, productive, and obedient. Children working in the industrial sector have no contract of employment, which makes it difficult for them to stand up for themselves and fight for their rights. The demand by factories for child labors is increasing year after year.
Cyclones, floods, and land erosion have a devastating affect on many areas of Bangladesh every year. This further increases the pressures on poor families and leads to many new children entering the labor force. Working children are used and exploited for the benefit of the greater society. This is not a deliberate exploitation of children by the wealthy but rather a reflection of the attitude of society. Child workers are always faced with bad working conditions, unfixed wages, health hazards, lack of recreation, and are exposed to mental, physical, and sexual harassment.Child labor is prohibited in Bangladesh under the Employment of Children Act of 1938, The Children (Pledging of Labor) Act of 1933, The Factories Act of 1965, The Plantations Labor Ordinance Act of 1962, and The Shops and Establishment Act of 1965. All these laws prohibit the employment of children below 14 years of age. In spite of having these laws, children are still found to be working in garment factories, hotels, brick making, cigarette factories, mechanical workshops, match factories, agriculture, domestic work, garbage collectors, and touts on buses and tampoos.In Bangladesh, children work because their families are poor. Thus, there is not a lot of hope for eliminating child labor immediately. However, it does not mean that nothing can be done to alleviate the situation. Bangladesh has achieved much progress in education sector in recent years. Despite this, the dropout rates among the poor remains to be a major problem. The priority must be to ensure that children are excluded from dangerous and physically-demanding work. After all, children are the future leaders. Therefore, it is all of our responsibility to provide them with everything they need to prosper as they grow.We strongly urge you not to pay anyone or any organization for any information or processing. You can directly communicate with the intended college/university for information and processing of your application. Please, do your due-diligence before paying for any services as most informations are free and available to public.Disclaimer: This is not to be used as legal advice and/or recommendations; we are simply providing information in one central location. Based on all the available resources, you and/or your legal guardian must execute your own decision. UDiON Foundation, Executive Board, members of UDiON Foundation and UDiON volunteers as well as affiliates are not responsible for any action you take based on the information provided here. By executing your decision, you are waiving and agreeing to hold-harmless UDiON Foundation and its affiliates. Should you have further questions and/or concerns, please contact us. Thank You.